Pilots Cities \ Perugia

VIA DELLA PALLOTTA (43° 5'41.87"N, 12°23'37.15"E)
The area of about 5000 sqm is located in the peri-urban area of the municipality of Perugia, has been inserted near a road with a high traffic rate and is an area inhabited by different social classes. The pedological characteristics have allowed a good adaptation of the species in this area.

VIA FERENTO (43° 4'45.23"N, 12°21'56.71"E)
The area is located in the flat part of Perugia, called Settevalli in a first residential / commercial suburb, here the soil conditions have compromised the adaptation of the species that have had more problems with taking root.

PARCO CHICO MENDEZ (43° 6'7.66"N, 12°21'44.62"E)
The PMA area of the Chico Mendez Park, is located in an equipped green park, near two schools, and accessible to a large slice of the population, the area, an uncultivated meadow has been converted and has taken on a much more Interesting. The tree species have adapted well to the edaphic characteristics of the soil.

The territory of Perugia, mainly hilly, with the highest point in the north at an altitude of 961 meters and the lowest point in the south-east at an altitude of 170 meters, highlights some landscape elements:
a) the urban center with the "historical medieval town";
b) 54 hamlets of various sizes with numerous smaller historical centres;
c) the hilly agricultural fabric with the widespread urban area;
d) the system of northern mountain massifs
e) the area of the Middle Tiber Valley with the riparian environment

Located on a hill at an altitude of 493 meters and founded in the 6th century B.C. by the Etruscans, who endowed it with an imposing wall still visible, Perugia first passed under the Roman Empire, experiencing a period of great urban development, then under Byzantine domination and finally under the Papacy.
It became a municipality in 1139, the city grew up taking the typical "star" shape bounded by a second circle of walls. After a further period under the Church, in 1860 it reunited with the nascent Kingdom of Italy.
From the second half of the 20th century it resumed the role of cultural and economic attraction, recording a constant demographic increase and an urban expansion guided by a planning which, with a view to a coherent sustainable development, has assigned the "compact city" the functions tertiary, moving the residential and productive ones to the nuclei of the “widespread city”, conceived as centers of social aggregation and territorial structures.

The morphological complexity and widespread urbanization with fragmented residential and productive areas and penetrated by languages of agricultural areas, have given the territory strong levels of interaction functional and settlement interconnection between urban and extra-urban systems, preventing the identification of a physical limit of the built city, as a clear distinction between agricultural land and urban land.
Consequently, the territorial planning tools have defined the boundary of the city with the aim of safeguarding the connections between urban and extra-urban open spaces, protecting the identity of the landscape characterized by the continuity of environmental systems and the permeability between city and countryside.

The green heritage owned by the Municipality of Perugia amounts to approx. 9,753,048 to which the green of owned by other bodies per square meter. 1,399,649 with a total of public green areas of approx. 11,152,697 which corresponds to an availability of public green equal to 66.63 m2 / inhabitant which, compared to the national average value of 31.7 m2 / inhabitant, confirms the high level of public green areas in the city of Perugia (ISTAT data).
The maintenance of the public green is carried out through the Regional Forest Agency which must guarantee the quality standard of the green in reference to the safety and better use of citizens.
The management of the green areas entrusted to the Associations is carried out by them, on the basis of specifications conventions that define maintenance interventions and related quality standards.
The quality of the green is monitored by the Municipality through the verification of technical-agronomic indicators and through initiatives aimed at measuring the degree of user satisfaction, as well as through the actions of monitoring foreseen by specific LIFE projects (U-SAVERED, NUTLIFE, CLIVUT).
The Census of public green areas available via web, provides accurate information on the possibilities of using public green areas.
The accessibility to green areas is guaranteed by the presence of suitable paths that, along with the regulations on the removal of architectural barriers, allow access also to children, elderly and disabled people; in the green areas it is allowed to carry out recreational, social and sporting activities, in compliance with specific destinations.
The high availability of green areas is well evidenced by the relationship with the population, equal to 66.63 square meters of public green / inhabitant.
In order to expand the possibilities of using urban green, the Municipality of Perugia has always been committed to diversifying the green areas by assigning specific functions consistent with the natural vocations of the areas and contexts in which they were inserted and adapted to the needs of the reference communities.
In 2016 the Municipality of Perugia drew up the "Census of urban green areas" through georeferenced mapping of public green areas including information on the presence of plant species and infrastructural equipment.
Each area was surveyed on GIS basis, geo-referenced, measured and catalogued according to cadastral and territorial data, type of area, type of maintenance, differentiated management and accessibility.
All the collected data have been inserted in the SIT - Territorial Information System of the Municipality of Perugia to be consulted by the citizens.
In the same period, the Municipality carried out the “Census of tree specimens” present in urban green areas, in road rows, in parks and gardens.
The "2014-2018 Arboreal Budget" published by the Municipality of Perugia in compliance with national legislation, certifies that the municipal arboreal heritage as of 31.12.2018 is made up of n. 48,162 arboreal specimens.
At the same time, the “Census of the monumental trees of the city” has been elaborated allowed to identify n. 103 tree specimens having the monumental characteristics defined by the sector regulations.
In line with the provisions of the "National Strategy for Sustainable Development", Perugia is committed to strengthen its green / blue infrastructure, supporting the diversification and development of urban areas in implementation of the provisions of the new PRG and based on the affirmation of a widespread culture of "Urban resilience".

Considering the high consistency of the municipal green heritage, Perugia is mainly engaged in interventions of improvement and enhancement of green areas through the implementation of a general strategy of integrated projects operating on the various urban open spaces, which will contribute to the enhancement of the ecological functions of the municipal green infrastructure in connection with the RERU and with the high naturalistic-environmental heritage present.

The strategy should favor the connections of the environmental corridors, strengthening the links between green spaces and ensuring the integration and continuity of the territorial areas and their specific functions and should promote and strengthen the creation of tangible and intangible relationships between the urban green system of internal proximity to the built-up centers and the agricultural and natural system of the territory, increasing the permeability and usability of the green infrastructure and arriving at the further overall improvement of the Perugia urban landscape.
The strategy should foster the connections of ecological corridors, strengthening the connections between green spaces and ensuring the integration and continuity of territorial areas and their specific functions, and should promote and strengthen the creation of tangible and intangible relationships between the urban green system of urban proximity within the towns and cities and the agricultural and natural system of the territory, increasing the permeability and usability of green infrastructure and reaching the overall improvement of the urban landscape of Perugia.
In order to improve the quality of green areas and contain the related costs, the Municipality of Perugia will work for the global service of the management and maintenance of public parks, identifying specific monitoring plans and performance quality indexes also through consequent actions of the implementation of the LIFE - CLIVUT project.


Climate change: Mitigation
The accession of Italy to the Paris Agreement has also committed the city of Perugia to implement policies of decarbonization in all sectors of the economy, with the definition of a "system" to support the transition to a low-carbon economy, capable of strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change and which, in line with international and European objectives, is based on the use of sustainable and efficient technologies.
Strengthening this commitment, in March 2019 Perugia decided to join the “Covenant of Mayors for the climate and energy "as a fundamental tool to achieve its ambitions in terms of mitigation and adaptation to climate change, through the definition of a specific "Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan" that allows the achievement of GHG emission reduction targets of at least 40% by 2030.

Climate Change: Adaptation
Adaptation strategies aim to reduce people's exposure to environmental and human risk factors and to ensure effective and timely operations in the event of natural disasters.
In line with the purposes of the new Civil Protection Code (Legislative Decree n.1 / 2018), which makes express reference to the concept of "community resilience", the municipal administration has been carrying out a preventive activity aimed at strengthen the adaptation capacity of the territory, with the direct involvement of the population. The Municipality has also joined the “My City is getting ready” project and has completed the National Civil Service project on resilience to hydraulic risk along the Tiber River, involving local schools. It also signed the 2010-2015 World Campaign, promoted by UNISDR for the reduction of natural disasters.
The municipal group of civil protection volunteers is active and educational meetings are constantly held in schools.
In the Single Programming Document (DUP 2019-2021), activities aimed at promotion and communication, improvement of environmental quality and sustainable development; in particular, a special Area has been set up within the municipal organization that works to protect the multiple landscape-environmental resources and guarantees, also through participatory processes, the involvement of citizens and stakeholders in the definition of choices aimed at enhancing the landscape and improving urban quality.
The same Area is directly responsible for the development of studies aimed at knowledge and the maintenance of environmental balance and the promotion of sustainable development.

Parco Chico Mendez - Urban park

The Chico Mendez park is an urban park, with 14 hectares, in the east side of Perugia, characterized by different tree species such as:

- Populus nigra Italica;
- Cupressus sempervirens;
- Aesculus hippocastanum

Frontone - Historic Garden

The Frontone is a historical park dating back to 1700, with 1 hectar, the present conformation was obtained from a meadow that was previously there, today as well as then there are above all trees of Quercus ilex, trees of Aesculus hyppocastanum and shrubs of Viburnum tinus and Laurus nobilis.
The area where this stands historical park was a necropolis in Etruscan times, its particular shape recalls that of a gallop, or a large amphitheater.

Verbanella - Equipped Park

The “Verbanella” park, with 2.6 hectares, built during the 70s in an area located on different altitudes and it is characterized by a recreation ground and an outdoor theatre. The flora of the park is varied and basically Mediterranean.

Barton park - Private Park for Public Use

Barton Park is a private park, with 2.4 hectares, for public use designed in order to combine nature and technological innovation. In the park there are all native species, including:

- Pinus Pinea;
- Carpinus Betulus;
- Morus platanifolia;
- Robinia pseudoacacia.

Brocani - Nursery

Brocani nursery, with 1,76 Hectares, is located in the east area of Perugia and it is surrounded by extended green areas.

Lungo Tevere - Nature Trail

Along an Umbrian stretch of the Tiber river it is possible to go for a walk alongside the beautiful itinerary that extends for about 10 km on the left bank of the river. It is a relaxing, almost flat walk and almost entirely in the shade of tall poplars, willows and black alders.

Percorso Stradale - Green Road

The ancient Perugia tram line started from Fontivegge station ending in the city center. Currently the route is characterized by tree avenues with more than 400 plants, such as Tilia cordata, Quercus ilex, Celtis australis e Ligustrum japonicum.

Cimitero monumentale - Cemetery

The Cemetery is a monumental area of artistic value, bound to MiBACT. The flora of this area is typical of sacred place, so evergreen.

Ingegneria - School Green

The school green area of the Engineering department is located in the east part of the city. Here, we find out amore than 200 tree species, such us Quercus ilex, Olea europaea, Tilia platyphyllos e Celtis australis.

Orto Medievale - Botanical Garden

The Medieval garden is located within the complex of San Pietro and was originally used as a vegetable garden by the Benedictine monks. The placement of some plants was created to evoke myths and concepts typical of the medieval age.

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