Pilots Cities \ Cascais

Urban Park Penedo
With 6000 m2, this urban park offers a children's playground, maintenance circuit, community gardens and different areas of residence and green spaces. The muddy soil made it difficult to plant and grow roots.

Junqueiro Park
This Park with more than 6500m2, close to a train station, it is a daily transit point for many passengers. As it is close to a residential area, it is also widely used by residents. The soil was in excellent condition, which was very favorable for planting and packing all the trees.

Neighborhood 16 de Novembro
This garden is located in the center of a neighborhood and contains a community garden. It was a garden with very little planting and few visitors. After the plantations we can observe a greater adhesion of citizens to the garden. The soil was suitable for planting.

URBAN GREEN AREAS
Located to the west of the Tagus estuary, between the mountains of Sintra and the Atlantic Ocean, the territory occupied by the Municipality of Cascais is limited to the north by the municipality of Sintra, to the south and to the west by the ocean and to the east by the municipality of Oeiras.
Cascais is a Portuguese town with 206 400 inhabitants, seat of the municipality of the same name, in the district of Lisbon, in Greater Lisbon. The city is located in a beautiful sandy bay on the Atlantic Ocean, 25 km west of Lisbon.

HISTORY
The Cascais area has been inhabited since prehistoric times, as shown by some archaeological excavations. There are many villas that bear witness to Roman times, in the first centuries of our era. The Muslim invasion gave names to many places in the region.
The first Portuguese king, Alfonso I, conquered the region in 1153. Cascais was elevated to a town on June 7, 1364 by King Pedro I. At this time the castle was also built, which the King gave to Gomes Lourenço de Avelar. Then, King John II ordered in 1488 the construction of a defense tower. The Portuguese royal family spent summers in Cascais since 1870, transforming it into an interesting place for the national and international nobility and aristocracy.
Nowadays Cascais is a pleasant tourist site, is becoming a popular golf destination, with more than 10 golf courses nearby. Surfing, sailing, windsurfing, kitesurfing are also popular in the region around Cascais, due to the favourable weather, wind and sea conditions.

URBAN GREEN AREAS
Cascais host Nature, Historical, Thematic and Urban Parks, united by the biodiversity that they contain and boosted as spaces where the population and nature interact, forming part of the natural heritage of the municipality.
Cascais' numerous and diverse green spaces and parks are ideal for all types of outdoor activities, while providing valuable environmental, cultural and economic services to the population.
Cascais host 3097 parcels of green spaces that total an area of 112.8 hectares. Of these, about 82 hectares are spaces in need of irrigation. In these spaces, urban gardens are also integrated. Currently, there are 22 community gardens serving 441 families and 1974 students in school gardens.
It is possible to consult the tree species guide.
In the guide we fin for example the tree Prunus cerasifera typical from the place.
There is also the possibility to experience it close, taking the Cascais Tree Route.
In the management of Green Spaces in the Municipality, the concern with the environmental and economic sustainability of the resources used has been a reality for a long time, namely in the application of good practices for the management of irrigation water, both in the design phase of green areas and during subsequent maintenance. Combating pests and tree diseases is another concern in the management of Cascais' green spaces.
The production of plants used in new stands and replanting in green spaces is mostly done locally, in the municipality of Cascais. Cascais Ambiente has established a partnership with CERCICA (Cooperative of Education and Rehabilitation of Disabled Citizens of Cascais) in order to contribute to the social integration of young people with special needs. Through this protocol, CERCICA supplies shrub and herbaceous plants and the young people of the institution maintain some green spaces.

CLIMATE CHANGE

Cascais has many inicitives to tackle Climate Change, below some of them are explained:
• The AdaptCascais fund was created with the aim of transforming ideas into actions that contribute to adaptation to climate change and is part of the Cascais Climate Change Action Plan (PA3C2).
• Urban green spaces resilient to climate change. The Cascais Ambiente project, supported by the Environmental Fund, contemplates the creation of two multifunctional green spaces. The action consists of implementing green spaces that test new solutions that require less resources (water and soil), value native species and ecosystem services.
• The Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change - Cascais 2030, presented on September 15, 2017, identifies 13 measures that comprise a total of 80 actions to be implemented in the municipality, and that will have an immediate impact on the safety of people and goods. It was based on a long consultative process to citizens and technicians from different institutions for signalling priorities in the projects and actions to be implemented. The document follows the methodological principles of the IPCC (United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), so it will be one of the first internationally to comply with the guidelines of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (inparticular of objective 13: Climate Action).
• Plan for Climate Change is a project that analyses, for the municipality and for the next century, the potential impacts caused by climate change in different sectors, and the possible action strategies to deal with this issue.

Quinta de São Gonçalo - Equipped Green

The Quinta de São Gonçalo park is an Equipped Green Park in Cascais, characterized by different tree species such as Populus Alba, Araucaria Heterophylla, Catalpa Bignoides and Pinus Pinea.



Outeiro da Vela - Urban Park

The Outeiro da Vela is an Urban Park in Cascais, characterized by different tree species such as Pinus Nigra, Pinus Pinea and Robinia Pseudoacacia.



Museu da Música Portuguesa - Historic Green Park

The Museu da Música Portuguesa is an Historic Green Park in Cascais, characterized by different tree species such as Pinus Pinaster and Quercus Robur.



Bairro PER Trajouce - Equipped Green Park

The Bairro PER Trajouce is an Equipped Green Park in Cascais, characterized by different tree species such as Populus Nigra, Fraxinus Angustifolia, Cupressus Sempervirens and Phoenix Canariensis.


Escola Velha Bicesse - School Park

The Escola Velha de Bicesse is a School Park in Cascais, characterized by different tree species such as Acer Negundo, Acer Platanoide, Populus Nigra and Jacaranda Mimosifolia.


Marechal Carmona Park - Botanical Garden

Marechal Carmona Park is a Botanical Graden in Cascais with almost 7 Ha, characterized by different tree species such as Aucaria Heterophylla, Cupressus Sempervirens and Olea Europea.



Vale de Cavalos - Nursery

Vale de Cavalos Park is a Nursery with 2 Ha, and it’s responsible for the production, management and maintenance of most of the plant material planted in the green areas of Cascais.



Quinta do Pisão - Nature Trail

Quinta do Pisão is a 38 ha nature park that has been re-qualified by the Cascais City Council, allowing visitors a multiplicity of experiences with nature and ancestral habits linked to the land. In this unique park there is space for history, nature conservation, agricultural activity, preservation of biodiversity, art, education and environmental volunteering.



Alameda da Guia - Tree Alley and Street Tree

The Alameda da Guia is a Tree Alley and Street Tree in Cascais with almost 3 Ha, characterized by different tree species such as Acer Platanoides and Acer Pseudoplatanus.



Cemitério de Trajouce - Cemetery

The Cemetery of Trajouce in Cascais have almost 4 Ha, The flora of this area is typical of sacred place, so evergreen.


The heart of the Urban Climate Green Asset Strategy is to ensure that the city has a healthy, diverse tree stock that can best contribute to mitigating the effects of climate change and in particular of the Urban Heat Island. In that context, LIFECLIVUT has monitored the trees of 10 Urban green areas in Cascais.
The census nowadays covers 1065 trees of which the species, health status, canopy coverage, and biodiversity index of these areas were detected, in addition to the absorption parameters of CO2 and PM10.(types of greenery and tree balance).

Funded by

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